When you start to go to auctions, antique malls or even flea markets, you will hear several different names for pottery that is used in a kitchen. Here’s a couple of the names that you will run across:
Bone china—this is a type of porcelain that contains bone ash in it. Bone china is the strongest of the porcelain or china ceramics, having very high mechanical and physical strength and chip resistance, and it is also known for its high levels of whiteness and translucency.
Stoneware—this is made from unrefined clay. This type of clay has a grittier texture than porcelain due to its higher sand content. This is fired at a high temperature (2185 degrees Fahrenheit), and the end result is a piece of pottery that is strong and chip resistant. This type of pottery is often used to make mugs and baking dishes, and it can also be safely heated in ovens. Stoneware is popular for dinnerware because it’s durable—and it is also less expensive than porcelain.
Earthenware—this is fired at 1915 degrees Fahrenheit, which is quite a bit lower than stoneware. The result of this is porous pottery that is not nearly as strong as either stoneware or porcelain. A lot of the time, earthenware can be strengthened by glazing (glazing hardens the surface, making it non-porous and it allows earthenware pieces to be used for cooking). This is most commonly used to make pots for plants—terracotta is a type of earthenware pottery.
Porcelain—this is made from the finest quality of white clay. It is fired at a very high temperature (2300 degrees Fahrenheit)—this results in a hard, strong and translucent piece of pottery. This type of pottery is usually white with a very smooth surface. It is non-stick, non-porous and even dishwasher safe that makes porcelain the safest pottery to use in a kitchen. High-end dinnerware is commonly made of porcelain, and it is the most expensive kind of pottery.
This is some of the more common names that you will run across. What are some of the names that you have run across?